Mild and sunny winter weather also ensured a thriving tourism industry, and encouraged many Easterners and Midwesterners to relocate to Phoenix. High-tech industry began to flourish after World War II, and since that time the growth of Phoenix has been explosive.
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As a result, a population of just over , in has given way to a estimate of 1,, with the metro area estimated at 4,, . Phoenix has an arid climate with long and very hot summers and mild winters. It has the highest average temperature of any metropolitan area in America. The weather varies enormously from one season to the next.
In the summer, extreme heat is the norm. Carry water and be aware that in extreme heat metal left in sunlight like seatbelt buckles can be hot enough to cause minor burns even with fleeting contact. Monsoon rains with lightning occur regularly from July to September during the late afternoon and evening, occasionally overnight as well. April is the most ideal month. In some neighborhoods, cicada insects make loud sounds from sunset to sunrise. Smog and humidity can be a problem at times throughout the year. If you are lucky or not, depending on your point of view , you may witness a haboob dust storm if you stay during monsoon season.
English is the dominant language in Phoenix. However, like much of the Southwest with a large Hispanic population, Spanish is very widely spoken in Phoenix. Spanish is a language often used for day-to-day discourse in many places, although English is the language of preference, especially when dealing with businesses and government.
It is considered polite or welcomed if you speak Spanish in Hispanic places of business or parts of town where Spanish is spoken more often. However, if you're not sure it is best to simply start with English. Don't assume that someone speaks Spanish based on their appearance as Arizona is a diverse state with a complex history. Arizona is home to a diverse range of Native American tribes with members of all living in Phoenix, most of whom speak English fluently. It is in East Phoenix 3 mi 5 km from downtown. It is a hub for American Airlines  and Southwest Airlines . Terminals are numbered from There is no Terminal 1.
Both Phoenix Sky Harbor and Phoenix-Mesa Gateway airports are serviced by Skoot Airport Shuttle, which is a low-cost shuttle company that will get you to or from the airport to anywhere in the Phoenix metropolitan area. Due to a dispute among the Arizona Department of Transportation, the Union Pacific Railroad, and Amtrak, passenger train service to Phoenix has been discontinued. No regular shuttle service currently exists. The Maricopa-Phoenix route, which uses taxi services, takes about an hour but one likely has to wait for the taxi after calling; the Flagstaff-Phoenix route takes three hours.
Interstate 10 enters Phoenix from the south and west, and Interstate 17 comes in from the north. US Route 60 is also a major route into Phoenix from the east. Arizona State Route 87 comes in from the northeast from Payson. Unfortunately, there is no central bus terminal nor are they located next to each other in the same area.
Each company have their own stop s or station all over the city. National polls have shown that Phoenix is the 4th highest city in terms of surcharges in the nation. Take a cab or the light rail to a local office of a car rental company. Do not tell them you are flying in. That way you are a "local rental" and do not have to pay some of the surcharges that are automatic if you rent at the car rental building at the airport. The surcharges finance everything from the local jails to the new Cardinals Stadium. That cab looks a little cheaper now, doesn't it?
Alternatively, if you're doing a tour of the Southwest, consider flying into Las Vegas and renting your car there — the taxes are much lower and doing a one-way drop off to Phoenix is generally not a problem. There are car rental companies like Enterprise, Hertz, Avis and car rental brokers like rentalcars.
Phoenix is a very car-centered city. If you plan to stay or visit any of the cities on the periphery of the metro area, a rental car will likely be required. Trains run every 12 minutes during peak periods and every 15 or 20 minutes during non-peak periods and weekends. The last train of the day starts its last trip of the day around As DUI laws in Arizona are the strictest in the nation, its a good idea to take advantage of "the West's latest running train" when frequenting the bars and clubs in Downtown Phoenix or on Mill Avenue for some weekend fun.
Take the new Skytrain free from your terminal to the Sky Harbor stop.
Note that the terminal 3 stop is not yet open so you will have to take a shuttle buss. As a tourist, the bus line you are most likely to find useful is the 72 which directly connects downtown Tempe and downtown Scottsdale. Surface roads are usually easy to navigate. The area's roads are designed around a grid system, where most roads are numbered based on their distance from the city center.
Addresses also conform to the numbering of the roads around them. Nearly all streets run with the compass directions, and there's a major thoroughfare every mile in each direction. This also applies to the extended metro area, though addresses in some of the other cities OUTSIDE the Phoenix city limits like Tempe, Avondale, Goodyear, Chandler, Gilbert and Mesa have their own grid system within their own city limits and not based on downtown Phoenix or each other.
There is an extensive network of freeways, most built since Heavy construction on some segments and interchanges continues. Check construction schedules and closures in the local media. Drinking and driving is very heavily enforced in Phoenix, especially in Scottsdale and Tempe. Mandatory jail time and extremely heavy fines make drinking and driving a very unwise decision in Maricopa County. Unfortunately professional sports events are pricing themselves out of the pocket of the average traveler. Teams typically report for their first workouts around the second week of February; games happen daily typically late February through late March.
The Arizona Fall League hosts some of the best young minor league baseball players receiving additional experience after their regular season ends. Early October to mid November. University of Phoenix Stadium home of the National Football League's Arizona Cardinals and the annual Fiesta Bowl college football game, among other events is worth a visit. Originally designed to resemble a coiled snake, it looks more like a giant spaceship by the side of the Loop freeway in Glendale. Time-honored souvenirs from Phoenix are scorpion bolo ties and saguaro-cactus salt and pepper shakers.
These gift shops are also known to stock the ever-popular Cactus Candy and a wide variety of hot sauces. In addition the nation's largest discount store chain, Walmart, has several stores in Phoenix most of which are also open 24 hours and some WinCo and Fry's stores in Phoenix are also open 24 hours as well. In addition many specialty and organic supermarkets such as Whole Foods Market, Sprouts Farmers Market, and Trader Joe's can also be found throughout the area.
Phoenix as a metropolitan area offers a considerable amount of nightlife, though with the fact that the city is so spread out it can be difficult and dangerous to attempt traversing the city on a big night out. Generally, the nightlife is centered around the sub-cities of the metro area. Within Phoenix itself bars tend to cluster within the Uptown, Downtown, and Roosevelt areas, while Scottsdale offers a lively bar and club scene and Tempe is popular with students given the proximity to the University. Downtown Mesa lacks any appreciable nightlife given its strong ties to the Mormon church.
Many have standard 2 room suites, and water parks. Highly recommended for families.
Distance reference from Phoenix Sky Harbor airport. Despite being a nice vacation destination, Phoenix is a major American city and as such does contain a fair amount of violent crime. Some parts of the city and even a few parts of some of the suburbs should be avoided at night. Although the central city used to have a somewhat deserved reputation for dangerousness, extensive public and private investment in urban core in recent years has made the area among the safest places in the Valley: South of the railroad tracks is South Phoenix which can be unsafe in some areas.
Most of the suburban areas are safe during day and night; however, parts of Mesa and Glendale can be dangerous at night. Valley Metro provides public transportation throughout the metropolitan area, with its trains, buses, and a ride-share program. Phoenix auto traffic depends on both freeways and surface streets.
Phoenix ranks first in the nation in the quality of its urban freeways, and the state as a whole ranks first in the nation in the quality of bridges. In fact, in a recent study, there is not a single stretch of freeway in Phoenix ranked in the worst freeways for either congestion or unreliability. Part of the reason for this is the extensive freeway system in the city, due to the majority of that system being funded by local, rather than federal funds, through a half-cent general sales tax measure approved by voters in As of [update] , the metropolitan area of Phoenix contains one of the nation's largest and fastest growing freeway systems, consisting of over 1, lane miles 2, lane km.
There are still major additions to routes , and underway, as well as several other smaller projects around the valley. The street system in Phoenix and some of its suburbs is laid out in a grid system, with most roads oriented either north-south or east-west, and the zero point of the grid being the intersection of Central Avenue and Washington Street. The original plan was for the east-west streets to be named after U. Presidents, with the north-south streets named after Native Americans; but the north-south streets were quickly changed to numbers, with numbered Avenues running to the west of Central, and numbered Streets to its east.
Freeways and state highways in Phoenix: The Maricopa Association of Governments has a bicycle advisory committee working to improve conditions for bicycling on city streets and off-road paths. Being located in the desert, Phoenix relies on a water supply delivered to the city via a system of canals which divert water from the region's rivers and lakes, with the largest portion of the city's water coming from the Colorado River through the Central Arizona Project 's canal.
The main sources of electrical generation are nuclear, and coal power plants. SRP is also the largest water provider in Phoenix. In the last year for which information is available , Phoenix had a slightly younger population than the country as a whole. While the United States had Phoenix's percentage of In the last year for nationally reported figures , Phoenix was at or below national levels for most reportable diseases, with the exception of both hepatitis A and B, where they were slightly over the national average 0.
In most major categories, Phoenix had a lower incidence of death than the rest of the nation. Only deaths due to Alzheimer's Deaths due to HIV and liver disease were exactly at the national average of 2. However, in several major categories, Phoenix had significantly lower indices of death: Births to teen mothers were significantly higher than the rest of the country, sitting at The Phoenix metropolitan area is serviced by 56 hospitals and medical centers. Phoenix is one of two other locations with Mayo Clinics the other being Jacksonville, Florida.
Phoenix, Arizona - Wikipedia
Joseph's is a not-for-profit hospital with special advocacy for the poor and underserved. Lincoln North Mountain Hospital is a general medical and surgical hospital, which performed nearly at the level of nationally ranked U. News Best Hospitals in 4 adult specialties. It is a bed children's teaching hospital.
It operates 23 hospitals as well as specialized facilities. The health system is the 2nd largest employer in Arizona, behind Walmart , employing more than 35, Of the top 10 rated hospitals in the city top 12 in the state , 4 are Banner hospitals. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center is the world's largest dedicated neurosurgical center and a leader in neurosurgical training, research, and patient care. It would take the organization several years to become official, not filing for Articles of Incorporation until , and not entering into their first Sister City agreement until , with Hermosillo, Mexico.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Phoenix disambiguation. State capital of Arizona in Arizona, United States. State capital of Arizona. Images, from top, left to right: List of tallest buildings in Phoenix. List of mayors of Phoenix, Arizona. List of school districts in Phoenix, Arizona. List of radio stations in Arizona and List of films shot in Arizona.
Roads and freeways in metropolitan Phoenix. List of hospitals in Arizona. List of people from Phoenix. List of Arizona State University alumni. However, as the official Phoenix climatology station was changed to PHX in October , those records are not considered official. For more information see ThreadEx. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved June 18, Retrieved May 25, Archived from the original on June 10, Retrieved September 11, Archived from the original on November 6, Retrieved March 27, April 1, to July 1, ".
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Agua Caliente Marinette Vulture City. City of Phoenix, Arizona. Phoenix Points of Pride. County seats of Arizona. Capitals of the United States by jurisdiction. The most populous metropolitan statistical areas of the United States of America. United States Census Bureau population estimates for July 1, Mayors of cities with populations exceeding , in Arizona. Retrieved from " https: Pages with reference errors CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter Pages containing links to subscription-only content Pages with duplicate reference names CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter CS1 maint: Views Read Edit View history.