Ruth Snowden first became interested in the works of Freud while studying for her BSc degree in Psychology at the University of Birmingham.
She went on to set up a complementary therapy practice offering personal development. In , her first book, Working with Dreams, was published, her research for which led her back into the realms of Freud. She is currently a full-time writer. Would you like to tell us about a lower price? If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? Learn more about Amazon Prime. The books in this bite-sized new series contain no complicated techniques or tricky materials, making them ideal for the busy, the time-pressured or the merely curious.
Understanding Freud is a short, simple and to-the-point guide to the life and work of Sigmund Freud. In just 96 pages, the reader will discover Freud's model of the mind, learn about his theory of psychosexual development and find out about the origins of psychoanalysis. Ideal for the busy, the time-pressured or the merely curious, Understanding Freud is a quick, no-effort way to break into this fascinating topic.
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Read more Read less. Flash Hodder Education Paperback: Flash February 25, Language: Related Video Shorts 0 Upload your video. Please try again later. Very helpful in understanding Freud. This is very good book for beginners,encompassing all the theories of freud,his contempraries,his rise n fall,his views on war,religion,sex,unconscious mind,his early life,education,marriag including short info on all his books n papers.
What I liked most about this book is so much coverage of various theories of psychology and theories of Freud in a nutshell,in a very coherent,lucid way,you will enjoy it n can complete it in one sitting.
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Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations. View or edit your browsing history. Get to Know Us. This was not primarily an investigation of sexual experiences as such.
Freud believed that children are born with a libido — a sexual pleasure urge. To be psychologically healthy, we must successfully complete each stage. This particular theory shows how adult personality is determined by childhood experiences. Freud considered dreams to be the royal road to the unconscious as it is in dreams that the ego's defenses are lowered so that some of the repressed material comes through to awareness, albeit in distorted form.
Dreams perform important functions for the unconscious mind and serve as valuable clues to how the unconscious mind operates. On 24 July , Freud had his own dream that was to form the basis of his theory.
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He had been worried about a patient, Irma, who was not doing as well in treatment as he had hoped. Freud, in fact, blamed himself for this, and was feeling guilty. Freud interpreted this dream as wish-fulfillment. He had wished that Irma's poor condition was not his fault and the dream had fulfilled this wish by informing him that another doctor was at fault.
Based on this dream, Freud went on to propose that a major function of dreams was the fulfillment of wishes. Freud distinguished between the manifest content of a dream what the dreamer remembers and the latent content, the symbolic meaning of the dream i. The manifest content is often based on the events of the day. The process whereby the underlying wish is translated into the manifest content is called dreamwork. The purpose of dreamwork is to transform the forbidden wish into a non-threatening form, thus reducing anxiety and allowing us to continue sleeping.
Dreamwork involves the process of condensation, displacement, and secondary elaboration. For example, a dream about a man may be a dream about both one's father and one's lover.
Understanding Freud: Flash : Flash
A dream about a house might be the condensation of worries about security as well as worries about one's appearance to the rest of the world. Displacement takes place when we transform the person or object we are really concerned about to someone else. Freud interpreted this as representing his wish to kill his sister-in-law. If the patient would have really dreamed of killing his sister-in-law, he would have felt guilty. The unconscious mind transformed her into a dog to protect him. Secondary elaboration occurs when the unconscious mind strings together wish-fulfilling images in a logical order of events, further obscuring the latent content.
According to Freud, this is why the manifest content of dreams can be in the form of believable events.
Some of these were sexual in nature, including poles, guns, and swords representing the penis and horse riding and dancing representing sexual intercourse. However, Freud was cautious about symbols and stated that general symbols are more personal rather than universal. In an amusing example of the limitations of universal symbols, one of Freud's patients, after dreaming about holding a wriggling fish, said to him 'that's a Freudian symbol - it must be a penis! Freud explored further, and it turned out that the woman's mother, who was a passionate astrologer and a Pisces, was on the patient's mind because she disapproved of her daughter being in analysis.
It seems more plausible, as Freud suggested, that the fish represented the patient's mother rather than a penis!
Freud attracted many followers, who formed a famous group in called the "Psychological Wednesday Society. At the beginning of , the committee had 22 members and renamed themselves the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society. Is Freudian psychology supported by evidence? Freud's theory is good at explaining but not at predicting behavior which is one of the goals of science. For this reason, Freud's theory is unfalsifiable - it can neither be proved true or refuted.
For example, the unconscious mind is difficult to test and measure objectively. Overall, Freud's theory is highly unscientific.